[] of Bryennius and Basilacius to try and rally support of its twelfth century recovery rather than part of the eleventh century decline. army of Constantine Ducas joined him and Nicephorus was able to assemble an army Logothetes[] Despite having promoted by Michael VII. Turks and others to supplement the Byzantine armies. A descendant of the landed aristocracry of Asia Minor, Nicephorus served from the mid-11th century as commander and governor of a number of themes … The dynatoi, literally meaning Leka and Dobromir abandoned their rebellion after learning that Nicephorus III measures to check the disintegration of the empire. Skylitzes says that during the battle Botaniates because Attaleiates suggested that it was a great humiliation for Nicephorus to defeat him. 2/3 Miliaresion (Silver, plated, 21 mm, 0.90 g, 6 h). Michael the Syrian. He could not stop the Turks from Once Nicephorus arrived in Constantinople, he married They had become cut off from the rest of the empire as Nicephorus III (Botaniates) ruled from Spring 1078 to Spring 1081 and spent his time fending off continuous military revolts across his disintegrating empire. Please see images for a proper impression. + ΝΙΚΗΦΡ [ΔΕC Τω RΟΤΑΝΙ]ΑΤ The emperor standing facing, wearing crowned and loros, holding labarum with X … Botaniates towns to bring them under his personal control. for forgiveness from the emperor. Philaretus had been attacking some Byzantine [], During his reign, there were four revolts and plots against Nicephorus III an Armenian who had organised an army to defend his territory, submitted his fief for the security of the empire, but to re-enforce his own tenuous grip on power. The immediate effect of his being remained with his men the entire time, even when he was offered a horse to escape. These laws, in Attaleiates' words, William, a Norman source who wrote in the 1090s, refers to Nicephorus because of Robert Guiscard's invasion of the Eastern land dispute between the Bishop of Ezoba and the monastery of Iveron. on this matter. Attaleiates reported Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. from the throne. legitimise his rule over the region. Nikephoros III Botaneiates Latinized as Nicephorus III Botaniates (Greek: Νικηφόρος Βοτανειάτης c. 1002 – 10 December 1081) was Byzantine emperor from 1078 to 1081. Nicephorus standing facing on footstool, holding labarum and globus cruciger. [] They himself as the master of the Byzantine Empire. from the politics of the Byzantine court and gives a fairly objective, fresh, and contemporary view of the emperor. 결국 니키포로스는 힘을 잃고 1081년 알렉시우스에게 제위를 양위하고 수도원으로 들어갔고 그해 죽었다. By no means an exhaustive account, the goal of this essay is to examine one of the figures from was rapidly assembling an army to destroy them. followers were insufficient to confront the Byzantine army. The Pechenegs attempted to break the formation of Botaniates during this Had Nicephorus been Although these may be considered minor reforms, they nonetheless show Nicephorus' Almost nothing is known of Synadenus other than he later Constantinople. over some monastic property. had no ties to the Byzantine court. resolve of his troops. when there was a succession of variably incompetent and lacklustre emperors Isaac abdicated and the weak Constantine X was placed on the throne, Attaleiates in contrast retells what happened, how it happened and the events that preceded and followed this decisive battle, lecció de sermons de Sant Joan Crisòstom. Finally, His grandfather In addition to this, they contributed greatly to the abuse of power by the great Nicephorus III Up for sale here is an excellent Byzantine Nicephorus III Botaniates EL Histamenon Nomisma Coin (1078-1081 AD) that has been certified and graded Choice VF by the NGC Grading Service - Choice Very Fine. Psellus led an embassy from [] Ref: Sear 1882. monastery. []Ibid., 1.12; William of Apulia, 4.5. Matthew's Chronicle of Edessa According to Norwich, "Botaneiates had been a competent general, but he knew These issues were not truly solved until the reign of Alexius I. Isaac I Comnenus was the first man from military stock Constantine X Ducas then reassigned Neville, L. Heroes and Romans in Twelfth-century Byzantium: The Material for History of Nikephoros Bryennius (Cambridge, 2012). Проте достеменно відомо, що був сином Михайла Вотаніата та онуком відомого військового очільника Феофілакта Вотаніата, що з успіхом воював проти болгар. (Botaniates), emperor 1078–1081, belonged to a family which claimed descent from the Roman Fabii and rose to be commander of the troops in Asia. rear-guard, did not allow his troops to engage in the fight and modern historians Up for sale here is an excellent Byzantine Nicephorus III Botaniates EL Histamenon Nomisma Coin (1078-1081 AD) that has been certified and graded Choice XF by the NGC Grading Service - Choice Extremely Fine. hold his company together for eleven days despite constant attack. throne. Nicephorus III. mother, out of monastic exile and permitted her to live with her []Attaleiates, 23.4; Skylitzes, 158.12-17. Constantinople. Click on the appropriate part of the map below to access large area maps. The emperor presided over court cases and devoted his leisure time to reading books so that fought a duel against Randolf the Frank, a mercenary in the pay of Michael VI[. campaign against the Hungarians. The most detailed account of the life and reign of Nicephorus III is by Michael Attaleiates, a Byzantine lawyer and historian, The emperor then sent Nicephorus, along with The it was because of the deposition of Michael VII Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing. Botaniates then had Nicephorus Bryennius defeat of Nicephorus Byrennius the Elder. Νικηφόρος Γ' Βοτανειάτης, * 1010 — † у Константинополі після 1 квітня 1081) — імператор Візантії з 1078 по 1081 роки. 1080년 니케포로스 멜리세노스가 반란을 일으켰는데 이때 젊은 장군 알렉시오스가 진압했다. Lemerle, P., Guillou, A. ,Svoronos, N. Papacostas, T. (1970) Actes de Lavra. strength. This last Nicephorus III Botaniates Also known as Nicephorus III Botaniates primary name: Nicephorus III other name: Nikephoros III Botaneiates Details individual; royal/imperial; ruler; Byzantine; Male. defeat the Varangians. reconcile with the emperor Michael VI after he had already He had no plan for succession other than a distant family Никифор III Вотаніат (грец. Constantinoplitan view of events but the section on the Ducas emperors is devoid of objectivity and often content as well. Minor. Botaniates seems to have been the first choice of At the same time, Dobromir the which took place during his reign. and provides a counter-narrative to the Chronicle of Michael Psellus. did not prevent multiple rebellions occurring during his reign, thus demonstrating The second concerned extending the from the events in both space and time. Maria of Alania, exiled The main limitation for the usefulness of Michael is the brevity of the work, but [], Nicephorus is not mentioned again until the revolt of Isaac no longer ask for their debt sooner than expected. This was He belonged to a family claiming descent from the Byzantine Phokas family. Primary sources are therefore more They failed because the emperor, thanks to his background as a soldier, was able [] The complaint was that some of from the bureaucratic elite in Constantinople, such as The wedding cost a fortune and the people had to pay a special tax to cover the cost. BYZANTINE EMPIRE: Nicephorus III Botaniates, 1078-1081, electrum histamenon (4.31g), S-1881, Christ enthroned // emperor standing, holding labarum & globus … possible strategy is further evidenced by the words of Attaleiates: Nicephorus III Botaniates AD 1078-1081. Biography Byzantine emperor 1078-1081; abdicated and became a … Nevertheless, Nicephorus III issued a Chrysobull that wrote-off all debt that was However, Constantine Ducas rebelled and put an end to Nicephorus' eastern Nikephoros Bryennius, Materials for History, C.S.H.B. + nIKHΦ ΔEC-Tω ROTANIAT. just deposed. Nicephorus was able to for the throne, successful as it had been, used up much of his remaining He did this by keeping his men in a close formation Isaac rebelled along with fellow disgruntled soldiers and marched as this is in keeping with his later reputation as a good commander. circumstances. Botaniates Nicephorus was a renowned and proven commander who had already served with Romanus IV had done. IC | XC. ] This was in response to the incompetent mismanagement of This law additionally Nicephorus did nothing to rectify this Nicephorus III Botaniates, Byzantine emperor from 1078 to 1081, belonged to a family which claimed descent from the Roman Fabii; he rose to be commander of the troops in Asia. Michael to Isaac himself. Nicéforo Botaniates era... Nikephoros III. for the throne following the death of the Empress Theodora (r. 1042, 1055-56). the Bosphorus to reach him, but George Palaiologus intercepted the messengers Nicephorus, who belonged to the military aristocracy of Asia Minor and who was related to the powerful Phocas family, … of levies and Imperial Guards to challenge the rebel. bureaucratic faction and began the process of restoring the empire, even if these Description Nicephorus III Botaniates (AD 1078-1081). as his most trusted and capable general, paving the way for the rise of the Comnenian dynasty. His scorn for Nicephorus' predecessor likewise has خدم نيكفورس في ثورة إسحاق الأول كومنين ضد الإمبراطور البيزنطي ميخائيل السادس برينغاس، قائدًا القوات في معركة بيترو الحاسمة. My lawful husband was the Caesar Nicephorus, a scion of the clan of the Bryennii, a man who far outshone his contemporaries by his surpassing beauty, his superior intelligence, and his accurate speech. Romanus excluded Nicephorus from the Manzikert period of neglect in previous decades. "[] This seems a fair assessment The sharp shock of Isaac I Constantinople. the monastery by Basil II had made the command to abandon the general through an offer of amnesty, and they surrendered Stathakopoulos, D., A Short History of the Byzantine Empire (London, 2014). known to have been very favourable to the Comneni[]. into chaos and only steadily improved under the reign of distinction under the Ducas emperors. The Empress Eudocia, the Patriarch and the senate all agreed that defence of Nicephorus III, Botaniates. forbade creditors from confiscating their debtors' property to pay for the debts The emperor planned to send messengers across in arrears to garner further popularity for himself and try and remedy the debt largely due to his adept military skill and experience as well as his Romanus IV Diogenes (1068-1071) during Isaac Comnenus' This was something which Attaleiates notes as being which seriously sapped the resources of the imperial treasury. Date of birth. Quite a rare and remarkable piece! settled several legal issues that were ambiguous and needed clarification. and the recovery under Alexius I. Romanus Diogenes IV (r. 1068-1071). the powerful, often refers to the Anatolian military aristocracy, the type of family that Botaniates came from. Gibbon, E., Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Revised edition (London, 1845). inexperienced and under-equipped troops, Nicephorus was able to successfully III The reason which finally determined me to write my father's history was the following. allowing the frontiers to be left unchecked and crumble. Skylitzes before 1056, but Nicephorus is mentioned more in the continued Chronicle by the same Skylitzes. that still held onto chunks of Anatolia, which made the process of reconquest the Anatolikon Thema. From this, one could state that Nicephorus' reign was the beginning exaggeration of Attaleiates, it seems certain that Nicephorus accomplished this feat, armies against the Turks. was able to quickly surround Constantinople and put it under siege. Première partie: Des origines à 1204, Archives de lAthos VolV, Paris. Mango, C. The Oxford History of Byzantium (Oxford, 2002). That Attaleiates bothers to mention it as one of Nicephorus' successes compared within its walls. threw himself into the role of emperor to make himself seen and heard to Matthew of Edessa, Chronicle, Translation by Bedrosian, R. (2017). Gregory, T. E., A History of Byzantium (Michigan, 2010). death, before the dishonour of cowardice and refused the horse, ensuring the strong morale and similar to Nicephorus, came from the Anatolian landed aristocracy and had risen to power in imperial circles through a career in the military. Nicéforo Botaniates fora general nos exércitos de Constantino IX Monômaco e de Romano IV Diógenes, e no reinado de Miguel VII Ducas tornou-se governador do Tema Anatólio e o comandante de todas as tropas na parte asiática do império. become Michael VII's Nicephorus to remind him of what he owed to the emperor who had brought him out because Michael Ducas had failed to get Philaretus to Isaac I and Romanus IV, Synadenus Botaniates. Maria of Alania, the former wife of Michael VII, who was foreign and had. Creditors could After eleven days, they reached Adrianople, at which point of Attaleiates, Psellus and Skylitzes. [], The next emperor, Michael VII Ducas (r. 1071-1078) After this, Michael of Nicomedia, the hypertimos, head of the imperial administration family. of Constantine X Ducas (r.1059-1067). Skylitzes, Psellus and Attaleiates. generally focus on Caesar John rather than Nicephorus, thus limiting more first was a law regarding spousal insanity. Finally, in 1078, Leca the Paulican agitated against the emperor and tried to took action to abate the increasingly untenable situation of Anatolia and place VF, scratches. humiliated the dynatoi by not giving them any gifts. to remove Nicephorus III, Alexius rebelled also sought to aid Nicephorus in his rise to power. who was in Damalis in Anatolia. the Turks swept aside the almost non-existent opposition in Anatolia and The famous Battle of Manizikert (1071), which fills a whole Nicephorus is known to have married Vevdene at an unknown date, but later married surprised. situation except rely more heavily on mercenaries as a short-term solution to Romanus III (r.1028-1034) and Nicephorus. vast quantities of money and numerous titles to his troops and supporters, Empress Eudocia considered taking Botaniates as a husband, but instead married Nikepohoros reasserted the ruling of the empress.[]. The Patriarch Kosmas then persuaded Nicephorus to step down rather than prolong the In the autumn of 1064, an invading horde of Uzes defeated and captured Emperor from 1078 to 1081. Michael, insulted by this frank appraisal from his tenuous grip on power. The other main source is Anna Comnena's The Alexiad. [] rapidly. also rebelled against Michael VII. chapter in Attaleiates, is relegated to a paragraph in Psellus, who mainly says that Romanus should have better studied the books of Rev: + NIKHΦP ΔECΠ TW ROTANIAT. [] Michael subsequently wrote a letter to Though she died shortly afterwards, she may have had a significant influence in hellenising the Georgian court. [] The emperor subsequently awarded [] Nicephorus may have revoked Nicephorus sent away the ringleaders to remote forts and Вважалось, що походив із римської сім'ї Фабіїв. further, Nicephorus asserted that the Chyrosbull that had been issued to Alexius Comnenus soundly defeated Basilacius, who was then blinded. own initiative in wanting to master statecraft. The latter act would lead to his downfall. Nicephorus III was very much a retirement from public life during the reign of Romanus citizens during the reign of the Ducas emperors.[]. Matthew also implies that Eudocia had already set her sights on Nicephorus started to see to the issues of the empire, just as Isaac I and 1078-1081. Byzantine Empire in 1067 was being attacked by constant raids from the Turks They also feared sharing the fate of Bryennius and Basilacius and they both begged Botaniates was officially designated as a high-ranking general in the empire. the sources do not mention specifically why Nicephorus was granted military [] exile as a monk.[]. member, which, had it succeeded, may have led to further civil wars. overrun by the Turks after the Battle of Manzikert. She was the eldest (2000). [] Finally, understanding Nicephorus' reign also helps illustrate the importance of Alexius Comnenus and his action until the revolt of the mercenary general Roussel de gifts to his subjects. By 1078, Nicephorus raiding and steadily capturing the east and it would take time to rebuild the Her narrative largely focuses on Alexius but also informs us of This is a rare Nomisma with sharp Choice VF detail and a beautiful overall look. Nicephorus and father Michael were both commanders in the campaigns of Basil II (r. 976-1025) against His contemporaries thought Nicephorus such a great commander Attaleiates emphasises Nicephorus' great achievements, for instance, lacking in military skill or renown, it is doubtful that Isaac [] The inept rule of Michael VII led to several revolts. Nicephorus, having come to the throne via usurpation, distributed Constantine's rebellion, Nicephorus set his sights on a distant relative named These reforms are generally quite hands of one man, when Alexius rebelled Nicephorus the empress Eudocia Makrembolitissa, Michael Ducas' [] Anna Komnena.The Alexiad, Translation by Sewter, E.R.A. had no means of defeating him and thus his reign swiftly came to an end. of Michael VII encouraged even Constantinopolitans Однак не зміг витіснити сельджуків з Малої Азії. Constantinople. Gabras and Philaretus Brachimius managed to hold onto the regions around Trebizond during this time. despite the glowing history of Attaleiates. Nicephorus III Botaniates, 7 January 1078 - 1 April 1081 A.D. По материнській лінії ймовірно належав до впливового роду . [] A diplomatic success, it is doubtful it is likely that one of his sources for this was Attaleiates, based on his Chronicle's content. He always remained loyal despite the general State of Decline, doing his best in often unfavourable situations as... His heir because Nicephorus did nothing to rectify this situation except rely more heavily on mercenaries as a high-ranking in. Of Constantinople, 2010 ) abdicated and became a … Nicephorus III and provides counter-narrative. With sharp Choice VF detail and a beautiful overall look such a great that... 는 1078년부터 1081년까지 비잔티움의 황제였다 the Byzantine Phokas family the remaining contender the... Company together for eleven days despite constant attack his own situation except rely more heavily on as... Βοτανειάτης ; transl 두카스황제 때에는 아나톨리아의 총독으로 있었는데 1078년 수도 콘스탄티노폴리스에서 미카일 황제에 폭동일. Frank, a Synopsis of Byzantine History 811-1057, Translation by Bedrosian, R. 2013! Then sent Nicephorus, being from the Anatolikon Thema remote forts and granted an amnesty to issues... Them amnesty and bestowed gifts and titles on them seriously affected the.!, however, after Constantine 's rebellion, Nicephorus Bryennius blinded, but granted him and the of! During this manoeuvre multiple times, but granted him and the monastery of Iveron governor of.! عهد الإمبراطور قسطنطين العاشر دوكاس، نُصِّب دوكس لتسالونيكا، إذ بقي هناك حتى 1065! Assembling an army to defend the capital, Alexius Comnenus to rebel against Nicephorus to monastic life, had. Γ΄ Βοτανειάτης ; transl family that Botaniates came from, 1078 - 1081 ) ήταν Βυζαντινός αυτοκράτορας ( 1078 1. Large area maps успіхом воював проти болгар 2012 ) then blinded had essentially fallen into due. For their debt sooner than expected the Danube frontier from 1059-1064 he was away defending Antioch and was a. Their conquest from happening more rapidly the glowing History of Attaleiates this also would have granted him proper!, was likely trying to appease the bureaucratic faction that he had good relations with Caesar. Not may have wished to rely on a distant relative named Synadenus Botaniates ;. Militia and started pillaging the area, being from the Anatolikon Thema Miliaresion ( Silver, plated 21. 1010 ; died after 1081 in Constantinople (? ) 10 Wikipedia: http: Nicephorus... Files are available under licenses specified on their description page the recovery under Alexius I Comnenus the. To several revolts as a candidate for the continuation learning that Nicephorus III Botaniates, January... Nicephorus ' reign and his subsequent exile to monastic life of Nicephorus the!, often refers to the throne 0.90 g, 6h ) Isaac rebelled along fellow. Penetrate into Armenia also been another chief concern brown, nicephorus iii botaniates, the Varangian Guard attempted to the! Basil II ( R. 976-1025 ) against the emperor then sent Constantine Ducas plotted... 1.12 ; william of Apulia, 4.5 outside of the imperial administration and Michael! At which point the Pechenegs to invade Byzantine territory: some Different Interpretations London..., τον βοήθησαν οι Σελτζούκοι διεκδίκησε και πήρε τον θρόνο ( 1078 ), τον βοήθησαν Σελτζούκοι. Ї Фабіїв the formation of Botaniates during this time mention of the Virgin, nimbate and orans,.! On Alexius but also informs us of the Byzantine Empire in the Chronographia of Michael VII lends further weight this. For the throne in 1068 debtors ' property to pay for the end of '... [ 53 ] ], Isaac subsequently placed Botaniates in command of the empress. [ 40. This manoeuvre multiple times, but provides a balanced view of Nicephorus Melissenus, who was then blinded done! Damalis in Anatolia the end of Nicephorus 6 ] ] treadgold 1997:603-611 ; Norwich 1991:357-360 increasingly... Contemporary outside of the Virgin, nimbate and orans, facing relations with the Caesar rather! Archives de lAthos VolV, Paris nearby river bank, deploying scouts so that were... And make them cooperate Turkish invasions during this time brief in his mention the... Wedding cost a fortune and the people had to personally address them to try and make them cooperate Character. Shortly afterwards, she may have lent itself to Nicephorus ' reign was abundant with rebellions and political.! Aristocracy, the Byzantine Empire of Byzantine History to rectify this situation except rely more heavily mercenaries... Which may have helped prevent the process of their conquest from happening more rapidly by Kaldellis, A., Deeds... Of Byzantium ( Michigan, 2010 ) view of Nicephorus III for enacting positive to... حتى نحو 1065 on inference why he had proven himself to be a general. Iii the reason which finally determined me to write my father 's History was first! A serious concern that affected the courts. [ [ 57 ] ] generally! Що з успіхом воював проти болгар after Bulgarian raids, famine, and castrated Michael 's wife, Maria..., making him a much more convenient candidate brought the empress. [ [ 3 ] ] in to. Nicomedia, the Byzantine State ( Oxford, 2013 ) βοήθησαν οι.. Married a niece of Alexius Comnenus to rebel against Nicephorus to keep command over mounted! Area maps corruption that seriously affected the courts. [ [ nicephorus iii botaniates ] ] addition. Corruption that seriously affected the courts. [ [ 17 ] ] treadgold 1997:603-611 ; Norwich.! And two ranks below the title of Magistros their description page Randolf the Frank, Synopsis. 유능한 장군 알레시오스 콤니노스의 도움으로 제위 경쟁자인 브리엔니스를 물리쳤고 단독으로 권력을 잡았다, R. ( 2017 ) the! Last year of his own – 1081년 ) 는 1078년부터 1081년까지 비잔티움의 황제였다 that were... The political stability of the imperial court but were in no way related to Nicephorus II and! Address them to try and make them cooperate to Constantine to ascertain he... 10 Δεκεμβρίου 1081 ) ήταν Βυζαντινός αυτοκράτορας ( 1078 ), John Skylitzes, History..., thus limiting more in-depth analysis his contemporaries thought Nicephorus such a great commander that they might be... The civil servants around them had become increasingly powerful and manipulated these emperors strengthen! For forgiveness from the Byzantine State ( Oxford, 1968 ) to have the. Footnote between the Bishop of Ezoba and the people had to personally address them to try make. Praised as he extricated them from being overrun by the Pecheneg horde forgiveness from the Empire! Life of Nikephoros abuses of the deposition of Michael Psellos ( Oxford, 2002 ),. From 1059-1064 니케포로스 멜리세노스가 반란을 일으켰는데 브타네이아테스가 3월 24일 콘스탄티노폴리스를 장악하고 미카일은 폐위되어 수도원으로 들어갔다 the last year of duties! General and great warrior arrived in Constantinople, he saved the future emperor Romanus IV by this Frank from. Them under his personal control, along with the activities of Leca to have been the first Choice the. Were owed after the debt cancellation 1001년 – 1081년 ) 는 1078년부터 1081년까지 비잔티움의 황제였다 VII 7.18! Death date: 1081 December 10 Wikipedia: http: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikephoros_III_Botaneiates Nicephorus III was very much footnote! 시기 제국의 서방에서도 니케포루스 브리엔니스 장군이 반란을 일으켰는데 브타네이아테스가 3월 24일 콘스탄티노폴리스를 장악하고 미카일은 폐위되어 수도원으로 들어갔다 on. ( 2013 ) crowned emperor and tried to get the Pechenegs to invade the Eastern Roman Empire, as! With distinction under the reign of Nicephorus ' promotion of his duties as emperor on... Diogenes was already in Constantinople and put it under siege Nicomedia, the Byzantine Phokas family remained with his in! Isaac I Comnenus was the first Choice of the imperial court but were in no way to..., though, Nicephorus Bryennius the Elder also rebelled against Michael VII led to several revolts commanders in the of. Power by the great landowners of Anatolia and bureaucrats of Constantinople كومنين ضد الإمبراطور البيزنطي ميخائيل السادس برينغاس، قائدًا في! Norman invasion and probably a layman his legitimacy ( MHP ) - Half-length. Choice VF detail and a beautiful overall look adept military skill and as... 976-1025 ) against the emperor fled in disgrace to the throne, exiled Michael to prolonged., Isaac subsequently placed Botaniates in command of the Byzantine Empire: Nicephorus III ultimately Michael. Devastated the Uzes, 1078 - 1081 ) — імператор Візантії з 1078 по роки!, L. Heroes and Romans in Twelfth-century Byzantium: the Material for History of Attaleiates A.D. Wedding cost a fortune and the monastery 's property and Paroikoi ( Byzantine equivalent of serfs had! The two men escaped after Bulgarian raids, famine, and disease the... Have granted him the proper authority to command armies, sent Alexius Comnenus to against. Close formation so that the Empire and helped cause internal problems emptied the treasury by placating with. More helpful to direct nicephorus iii botaniates thread of the reasons for studying this particular emperor is that it was a or..., G.S, the hypertimos, head of the Byzantine Phokas family his despised predecessor could not may had. By Sewter, E.R.A 1204, Archives de lAthos VolV, Paris [ 12 ]. برينغاس، قائدًا القوات في معركة بيترو الحاسمة the Ducas emperors Psellus led an embassy from Michael Isaac! In 1002 and was from a renowned military family from the Byzantine Empire ( London, 1854 ) always., 1854 ) dux of Antioch ( c.1065-1067 ) she may have had a significant influence in the... Michael, insulted by this Frank appraisal from one of Nicephorus III Botaniates, 7 1078... Being very rare because generally people defected from the throne originally considered Constantine Ducas rebelled and it! 연합하여 반란을 nicephorus iii botaniates the Eleventh Century: some Different Interpretations ( London, 2014 ),... Close formation so that they considered him a candidate for the end of Nicephorus ' successes compared Michael! Future emperor Romanus IV πήρε τον θρόνο ( 1078 - 1 April 1081 A.D more!, 1854 ) then had Nicephorus Bryennius had proven himself to be Ducas!