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Myths about Human Trafficking Human trafficking involves taking control of people, through duplicity or force, for exploitation or economic gain. Somalia has become a target area for human smugglers, as poor Somalis and Ethiopians look for ways to escape poverty. The forms of human trafficking found in South Africa include sex trafficking, child labour, domestic servitude, organ smuggling, child-brides (ukuthwala), illegal child adoptions, debt-bondage, forced surrogacy, and the use of body parts for muti. The claims they make need to be checked, openly and impartially. Human Trafficking in Africa By Tom Obokata Edited by Charles C. Jalloh , Florida International University , Kamari M. Clarke , University of California, Los Angeles , Vincent O. Nmehielle The Counter Human Trafficking Trust-East Africa (CHTEA) is a sub-regional Non-State Agency registered as a Trust in Nairobi, Kenya. Based on a report by Human Rights First, human trafficking earns global profits of roughly $150 billion a year for traffickers. South Africa is considered to be on the “Tier 2 Watchlist” for human trafficking. Sex trafficking is second only to narcotics trafficking in profit. For instance, Nozizwe Madlala-Routledge, head of the Coalition against Trafficking in women, claimed in an open letter to President Jacob Zuma that “large sporting events are known to increase levels of sex trafficking. In addition to broader arguments for the decriminalisation of sex work (such as the positive impact on public health through improved sex worker access to healthcare services and HIV prevention), decriminalisation would mean sex workers could assist police in identifying people who have been trafficked or otherwise forced into sex work against their will. Edited by Charles C. Jalloh, Florida International University, Kamari M. Clarke, University of California, Los Angeles, Vincent O. Nmehielle. In a 2010 report, the organisation noted that it had assisted 306 victims of trafficking in Southern Africa between January 2004 and January 2010. By Kate Wilkinson and Sintha Chiumia. Thousands of individuals leave their country annually, migrating thousands of miles via East Africa, from the Horn of Africa to South Africa., with money. • Human trafficking, a form of modern day slavery, involves the illegal trade of people for exploitation or commercial gain and is a $150 billion global industry.Two thirds of this figure ($99 billion) is generated from commercial sexual exploitation, while another $51 billion results from forced economic exploitation, including domestic work, agriculture and other economic activities. Difficult circumstances may affect an individual’s choice to take on sex work, and in some cases sex work may be deemed a difficult but necessary means to make a living. It involves the exchange of labour for an agreed-upon amount of money, goods or services. Maxwell Matewere, a Malawian crime prevention expert with the UN Office on Drugs and Crime ( UNODC ), has been active in … [2] The purpose of trafficking that is always exploitation such as sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs. Migrants clandestinely entering South Africa are at risk of rape or sexual assault by criminal gangs and smugglers operating in border areas. BORGEN Magazine is produced by The Borgen Project, an influential humanitarian organization working to make global poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy. Book: The African Court of Justice and Human and Peoples' Rights in Context. In the past few years, this problem has been increasing. Human trafficking has been in existence from time immemorial, and South Africa presents the ideal climate for the crime to continue flourishing. No increase in trafficking. Human smuggling and trafficking in persons are major concerns across Africa, with nearly all countries qualifying as source, transit, and/or destination countries. This placement is based not on the size of the country’s problem but on the extent of governments’ efforts to meet the TVPA’s minimum … This is subject to: Crediting Africa Check in the byline, keeping all hyperlinks to the sources used and adding this sentence at the end of your publication: “This report was written by Africa Check, a non-partisan fact-checking organisation. Other areas of policy and law that affect more substantial numbers of people remain poorly addressed, if at all, despite many years of debate. The Act employs a wider definition of trafficking than that of the UN. However, no African country was placed among the best (Tier 1) countries whose governments fully meet the Trafficking Victims Protection Act’s ( … View the original piece on their website", with a link back to this page. Exploring the relevance of the notion of human trafficking to describe the lived experience of sex workers in Cape Town, South Africa. Fula Africa seeks to be part of the process of an inclusive approach that interacts with the various stake holders that may contribute to the reduction of human trafficking. London Metropolitan Police investigated, The Department of Justice and Constitutional Development, An IOM database shows that the organisation. Policymakers in Africa recognize the harsh reality that funds gained from human trafficking still cross our borders through shell companies, badly governed banking systems and lax anti-money laundering laws. Africans are vulnerable to forced labor, sexual exploitation and forced marriages. While some of these countries are suppliers of trafficked children, others are receivers, and others are transit countries. This factsheet provides an overview of the reality of human trafficking in Southern Africa and endeavours to separate myth from fact. Despite several media reports to the contrary, foreign migrant sex workers are not necessarily victims of trafficking. Police officers are often involved in the trade. Unemployment, poverty, increase in prostitution, social-cultural practices undermining women, gender imbalances and the demand for sex workers and for cheap labour are the main causes of trafficking in Africa. We depend on voluntary donations to run this site. This factsheet endeavours to separate myth from fact. Human Trafficking in Africa. Therefore, they should not be treated as victims to be “rescued” and returned to their countries of origin. The claim exaggerates the problem, FACT-CHECKED: 2 claims about slavery & ‘child prostitutes’ in SA, No new evidence that 30,000 children are trafficked in South Africa each year, ‘Almost 100%’ of restaurant workers in South Africa are foreign? We in Africa have a duty to manage our meteoric economic growth responsibly. That is an average of 51 cases per year for the whole region. This supposedly increased demand is then assumed to be filled through women (and children) trafficked for sex. Is it as prevalent as frequently claimed in local and international media reports? Trafficking? Human trafficking can occur within a country or trans-nationally. Sex work refers to the practice of engaging in sexual activities for reward. Indeed, in Africa, it is a major challenge just to gather and interpret data on the victims, the children being traded. Large, profitable networks of human traffickers often go on uninterrupted because of the disunity between African countries. At present there is no systematic research available that provides comprehensive insight into the prevalence or patterns of trafficking into or out of South Africa or the Southern African region. Worldwide, almost 20% of all the human trafficking victims are children. Human trafficking is tied with arms dealing as the second-largest criminal enterprise in the world, after drug dealing, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Africans are vulnerable to forced labor, sexual exploitation and forced marriages. Though the Act was signed into law in July 2013, it is not yet operational, as supporting regulations have yet to be passed. What policy options should be considered to assist in addressing human trafficking? Facilitating a cooperative relationship between sex workers and authorities, such as the police and social services, could therefore assist in detecting the perpetrators and victims of trafficking. The Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) consequently conducted research into human trafficking, but made no attempt to quantify the extent of the phenomenon, except to note that the International Organization for Migration (IOM) had found eight cases of trafficking from South Africa between 2004 and 2008. The U.S. Department of State has several methods to track the levels of ongoing trafficking in a given country. The difference between sex work and trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation is that sex work reflects an individual’s decision to engage in a sexual transaction, while exploitation through trafficking occurs against the will of the victim. The African Centre for Migration and Society, the Institute for Security Studies and the Centre for Applied Legal Studies believe the following should be considered: It can be complicated and expensive for migrants to enter South Africa legally. Top 10 Facts about Human Trafficking in South Africa. There. By Chandre Gould. Africa Check is an independent, non-partisan organisation which assesses claims made in the public arena using journalistic skills and evidence drawn from the latest online tools, readers, public sources and experts, sorting fact from fiction and publishing the results. It is estimated that globally, around 21 million people fell victim in 2018, and South Africa is no exception. By Tom Obokata. Human Trafficking Tier Placements, Africa. Official data disproves finance minister Mboweni’s claim, Directly or indirectly giving or receiving payments or benefits to obtain the consent of a person having who has control or authority over another; or. Essay on The Devastating Effects of Human Trafficking in South Africa 889 Words | 4 Pages. In South Africa, … As a result, authorities are feared and distrusted by sex workers. Directly or indirectly giving or receiving payments, compensation, rewards, benefits or any other advantage. The claim that trafficking is linked to large-scale sporting events is based on the belief that events that attract large numbers of tourists increase the demand for paid sex. This leads to undocumented migration across South Africa’s borders. Children as young as age 4 are subjected to forced labor in fishing in the areas around Lake Volta, sometimes as a result of human trafficking. This makes the identification of networks and traffickers extremely difficult. Awareness Against Human Trafficking (HAART) Kenya, non-governmental organisation based in Nairobi dedicated to fighting human trafficking in Eastern Africa. Human trafficking in Africa is an urgent crisis, with women, children and migrants being especially at risk. The HSRC report has been criticised for methodological problems and assumptions, as well as being based on little original research. Local and international media often overstate the prevalence of human trafficking in South and Southern Africa, relying on claims that are not based on adequate research or substantive evidence. Awareness Against Human Trafficking was founded in 2010 by a passionate group of lawyers. Studies have revealed clearly established trafficking routes involving Benin, Ivory Coast, Gabon, Ghana, Mali, Nigeria, Togo, Cameroon, Burkina Faso, Guinea and Niger. Human trafficking includes forms such as pornography, the marriage of convenience, forced marriage, sex tourism, and forced labour and illegal adoption. Research in Southern Africa has established that a number of migrant women choose to take on sex work as a practical solution to periods of intense economic strain. According to the 2018 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report, The U.S. Department of State places each country in this Report onto one of four tiers, as mandated by the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA). Unfortunately, many forms of slavery are still devastating parts of our world today. the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Act 2013, 40,000 sex workers/women would be trafficked, sex workers and brothel-owners expressed disappointment, the sex industry would become more open to regulation, The need for evidence to assess concerns about human trafficking during the 2010 World Cup, Moral panic, human trafficking and the 2010 Soccer World Cup. South Africa is a hotbed for the billion dollar human trafficking industry. Causes of Human Trafficking in Sub Saharan Africa. On … In the Central African Republic, for example, Human trafficking in Africa, especially of women and children, is facilitated by, The majority of human trafficking in Africa, Human trafficking in Africa is able to flourish partly because of minimal, Police are usually unequipped to deal with human trafficking. To start, most law enforcement officials do not understand the. 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