The relationship between the two disciplines seems to be key to a common perception of human experience. Girard Paperback $33.00. extent, the work of Roux and Speman being particularly notable. TOWARD A UNIFIED THEORY OF OBJECT RELATIONS, 4. Our conceptual argument is that the process of self-tracking subjectivation can be described by the metaphor of the digital doppelgänger: a digital version of the self that is perceived as 'more you than you are yourself'. Yet it failed to get institutionalized. En un momento en que la psicología se ha ganado el estatus de una ciencia experimental y está íntimamente conectada a las neurociencias y al uso de complejos modelos matemáticos, ¿qué función pueden tener la literatura y las narrativas subjetivas que nos cuentan pacientes y sujetos experimentales? This will be achieved by re-drafting the Flann O’Brien canon, considering him in new and broader inter/national contexts and by testing the previously under-explored range of critical perspectives through which his work may be profitably approached. Drawing on his anthropological research in the United States, Pakistan, and Micronesia, Caughey explores from a phenomenological perspective the social patterning that prevails in each of these imaginary worlds. Factores explicativos. Is this the result of an internal catastrophe? I propose a two component theory of the construction of self Based on Mead's insight Self and Other. Applegate; The Other, a 2008 novel by David Guterson; Spider-Man: "The Other", a comic book crossover story arc published by Marvel Comics; Film and television. Angus Fletcher suggests that “the allegorical hero is not so much a person as he is a generator of other personalities [that] are partial aspects of himself…. This is because the representation of different groups within any given society is controlled by groups that have greater political power. This essay explores the role and presentation of the Other in Count Dracula and Edna Pontellier on the issues race, culture, marriage and how the Other is represented through literary techniques such as language, symbolism, imagery and narrative strategies. A little girl called Gabrielle, only two years and ten months old, goes immediately to the toy box at the beginning of her sixth therapeutic consultation with Winnicott: “She put the two big soft animals together and said: ‘They are together and are fond of each other’ ”(1977, 77).... One of the tasks facing anyone discussing object relations theory is that of mapping the terrain. Books. What is to be included in the territory? 2013; Lupton 2014a). Critics have found elements of the fantastic in Roberto Bolano's work, but this essay contends that he is using the Gothic instead, a genre that is useful to him because it is connected to horror and evil. The issue of the double emphaszses the contradictory character of the human being and invokes a sinister dimension of the psychological world, what has been called in German as "umheimlich." Bereits mit 17 Jahren wurde er wegen eines frechen Gedichtes der Schule verwiesen. way of life in conformity with the physiological circumstances of elderly people. But what does this disruption in sense of self reflect? At the intersection of psychological and literary studies and with acknowledging dialogical aspects of the self in Herman’s Dialogical Self Theory (DST), we coined the concept of “Virtual Fictional/ Factual Positioning” (VFP), which is also guided by Bakhtin’s discussion on the author-hero relation. In a chapter called “The Symphony,” Ahab muses about the natural beauty of the scene before him: “The pensive air was tranparently pure and soft, with a woman’s look, and the robust and man-like sea heaved with long, strong, lingering swells, as Samson’s chest in his sleep.” A little later we are told, “That glad, happy air, that winsome sky, did at last stroke and caress him; the step-mother world, so long cruel—forbidding—now threw affectionate arms round his stubborn neck, and did seem to joyously sob over him, as if over one, that however wilful and erring, she... Camus’The Strangerbegins with the right word, “Mother,” in precisely the correct context, loss, with exactly the right tone, a mixture of uncertainty arid emotional flatness: “Mother died today. Which leaves the matter doubtful; it could have been yesterday” (Camus 1942). Details. Finally, we discuss how this literary tradition can help us to understand new psychological perspectives. 2. SELF AND OTHER IN SHAKESPEAREAN TRAGEDY, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0). He also ignores the possibility that ego psychology, self... By early in the last decade of the nineteenth century Freud had become preoccupied with sexual pathology and the possibility that it serves as a causative factor in neurasthenia and psychoneurosis. Results and conclusions: In other words: I see you. Deconstructing the Archetypal Self-Other Dichotomy in William Shakespeare’s The Tempest Marwan Harb Alqaryouti1 & Hanita Hanim Ismail2 1 Department of English Language, Literature and Translation, Zarqa University, Zarqa, Jordan, and Centre of English Language Studies Faculty of Languages and Communication Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala If so, where and in what manner did this catastrophe occur? Introduction: Different forms of artistic expression, such as literature and cinema, constitute an inexhaustible source for the study of mental illness. Mit enormem Fleiβ und schier unerschöpflicher Schreiblust schuf der Autor mehr als 300 Erzählungen und Romane, in deren Mittelpunkt meist die gehobene Gesellschaft seiner Zeit, aufstrebendes Bürgertum und Neureiche standen, denen er genüsslich seinen oft scharfen satirischen Spiegel vorhielt. Freud’s theories and grand-scale speculative leaps have been found warning, if not disturbing, from the very beginning and have led to a succession of derisive attacks, shifts in emphasis, revisions, modifications, and extensions. An Essay by Birgitt Flohr Travel Writing was one of the most popular literary genres in the eighteenth century. All rights reserved. The term "teratology" was coined in the 19th century and the introduction of photography enabled truly objective illustrations. Page Views: 744. The problem of cultural identity involves the question of the self and of culture. There is an existentially unstable co-existence, even rivalry in the mythical structure, based on the inverted hierarchy of the double denying the ontological priority of the original. The 18th to t... [Gerocomy -- gerontology -- geriatrics. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. ©2000-2021 ITHAKA. Modern philosophy in the West championed the individual. Jahrhunderts. A study on self-tracking and the quantified self-movement. In the first section, we will describe narratives as essential tools through which we build our identity. Recent psychoanalytic thought has been subjected to dramatic reassessments... One’s choice of terms always has consequences. Moreover, cultural values dictate the texture of the mental processes: imaginary conversations both reflect and reinforce the basic beliefs of the society, imagined anticipations of the reactions of real other people can serve social control functions, and media figures affect actual social relations by serving as mentors and role models.Caughey's arresting reappraisal of the world of fantasy is, in the words of James P. Spradley, "an outstanding job of scholarship" and "a unique contribution to the field of anthropology in general, to the study of culture and cognition, and to the study of American culture specifically.". All Rights Reserved. So does one’s selection of explanatory frameworks. Despite the chronic and, at times, fierce debate that has characterized psychoanalysis, not only as a movement but also as a science, Freud’s genius and transformational impact on the twentieth century have never been seriously questioned. Literature, a body of written works. From the Graeco-Roman antiquity until 1750, gerocomy (the care for the elderly) was defined as a branch of medicine, but in practice almost did not exist. Writing to Wilhelm Fliess in October of 1893, Freud remarks, “Meanwhile things have grown livelier. 103. Literary theorists commonly see the most influential use of alterity in Mikhail Bakhtin’s description of the way in which an author moves away from identification with a character (Todorov 1984).The novelist must understand his or her character from within, as it were, but must also perceive it as other, as apart from its creator in its distinct alterity. Today gerontology signifies on a international level a generic term or independent scientific discipline beside medicine. Nach abgebrochenem Jurastudium und Kriegsdienst im Deutsch-Französischen Krieg 1871 lebte Maupassant bis 1878 als kleiner Ministerialbeamter, der allerdings freundschaftlichen Kontakt zur literarischen Avantgarde um Gustave Flaubert hielt. Alien Encounter SF When science fiction uses its limitless range of symbol and metaphor novelistical- ly, with the subject at the center, it can show us who we are, and where we are, and what choices face us, with unsurpassed clarity, and with a great and troubling beauty. By analyzing the projections we determine what is going on in the mind of the highly imaginative projector” (1964, 35). Objective: Asustada, intenta cortarse las uñas con la tijera; en el reflejo del espejo, su doppelgänger hace un gesto de desprecio, y ejerciendo algún grado de influencia (12, Thoughts concerning teratology became increasingly scientific in the 18th century, and research into congenital malformations received a considerable impetus through discoveries concerning early embryonic development. In this paper, we defend the existence of another parallel genre of narratives in the field of mental health: those we could call recovery narratives (RNs). (For EndNote, ProCite, Reference Manager, Zotero, Mendeley...), 2. However, with the integration of the non-medical sciences of old age the spectrum and the objectives changed. Representations of the ‘Self’ and the ‘Other’ in Eighteenth-Century Travel Literature. Lastly, implications for treatment and recovery will be discussed, including the potential usefulness of a focus on interventions that might revitalize clients' internal and external dialogue. It will appeal to psychoanalysts as well as to literary scholars interested in the application of psychoanalysis to literature. René Girard, René Noël Girard. Schalk / Self, other, other-self 199 A similarity of experience between self and other, namely black and white Americans, is a central topic in W.E.B. The case of Mrs. A. will serve as a brief introduction to the issues at stake. Along the same line, postmodernist psychology considers the self a discursive construction. At the beginning of the twentieth century, the arising concept of schizophrenia thrusts the discussion of paranoia into the background. Around 1930, we experience the recreation of the notion gerontology, initially restricted to medical gerontology. There is nearly universal acceptance that persons with schizo-phrenia often experience a profound disruption in their basic sense of self. We do not see the digital doppelgänger as a final result of self-tracking activities, but as a relational actant in a performative process. The binary of self and other is perhaps one of the most basic theories of human consciousness and identity, claiming, in short, that the existence of an other, a not-self, allows the possibility or recognition of a self. Yet it has a history of its own which informs and draws upon the … Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. 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